About Embroidery, part 4

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About Embroidery, part 3

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Middleaged embroidery

Middleaged embroidery

During 1100th embroidered with beads from pearls on parchment to decorate religious subjects, and from 1200th to 1300th beads began to be applied to embroidery on clothes. In 1500th years the embroidery began to be applied even more widely both in Europe, and in other parts of the world. From this point on and up to 1700th years the embroidery a thread and a beads wins and develops the increasing popularity. The embroidery could be found by a thread and a beads on a cradle of the newborn, a dress of judges, the goods for the house and many other places.

Embroidered dress

Embroidered dress

Embroidered clothes

Embroidered clothes

The crusades which have close acquainted inhabitants of the Western Europe with magnificence of the East, in many respects promoted a wide circulation of the rich embroideries borrowed both from the Byzantian samples, and at Moslems. Especially were engaged in this art in monasteries, together with the women of quality locked in locks during campaigns and knightly adventures of the spouses, devoted to embroidery all free time. The established trade relations of Venice, Genoa and other Italian cities with the Asian people have quickly imparted taste to rich ornaments in the countries of the south of Europe. Milan, Venetian and Genoa embroideries were famous especially. In Renaissance when, at magnificence of a court yard of Lorenzo Medici such strong push has been given development of all arts and arts, the embroidery on a level with other arts has reached high degree of perfection. The best artists did drawings for embroidery, and Raphael was interested in this art. Spaniards, imitating Italians, also have reached the big art in embroidery – some embroidered pictures and the embroidered religious attributes which have remained in many museums and collections testify to that.

Embroidery with gold

Embroidery with gold

In other states almost exclusively embroidered on cloth or silk with gold, silver, woolen and silk threads. We will notice that many well-known women in France were skillful embroidery masters: Caterina Medici surrounded with the daughters, their cousins de Giza and Maria Stewart spent the leisure-time in employment handmade works.

Embroidery with gold and pearls

Embroidery with gold and pearls

The madam de Mantenon so liked to make embroidery so even during walk, in the carriage, everywhere it was possible to see it was seen with work in her hands. It also has entered teaching of this art at female school Saint-Syr based by it. At the time of when this school was under its direct management, the embroidery was there in especial honor.

Maria-Antoinette in an embroidered dress

Maria-Antoinette in an embroidered dress

Even Maria-Antoinette also embroidered much, especially on an outline a small seam (au petit point).

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About Embroidery, part 2

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Ancient Babylon embroidery

Ancient Babylon embroidery

There is a great variety of historical sources, sculptures, pictures and the vases representing inhabitants of various ancient civilizations, wearing the clothes embroidered with threads. These sources are dated times more than 3 000-year-old prescription, and include the materials found in Greece (400 years B.C.), Babylon and Syria (700 years B.C.).

Ancient Syrian embroidery

Ancient Syrian embroidery

Archeological excavations in Ur in 1544г. where has been found embroidered with a pure gold thread and the weaved shroud in the tomb of emperor Gonorija dated 400г. BC have shown the high standards of a thread embroidery during ancient times These gold threads have been kindled and 36 pounds of pure gold weighed. It is a shame that such historical monument has been destroyed.
As the ancient people were shepherds also the first fabrics and embroideries were manufactured from wool. Subsequently, when in Egypt fibrous properties of some plants have been opened, mainly hemp and flax, from them began to manufacture fabrics which on the whiteness have appeared especially approaching to magnificence of religious practices, and for this purpose were used at all ancient people.

Ancient Indian embroidery

Ancient Indian embroidery

Later the cotton plant has been found in India, and there have started to do the thinnest fabrics on which was an embroidery of woolen, cotton and, at last, gold threads. Thus, embroidery art also developed and got new forms along with development of art of manufacture of clothes.
In VII century quickly extending Islam began to put crushings to power of the Byzantian empire, however it hasn’t affected at all the further development and prosperity of art of an embroidery. On the contrary, the luxury of caliphs in this respect reached till the fabulous sizes: not only clothes, a horse harness and saddles, but also boots and a sheath of sabres have been richly decorated by an embroidery.

Charles the Great

Charles the Great

Among the gifts sent by Garun al-Rashid to Karl the Great, there was a magnificently embroidered tent. Still earlier in France, thanks to the established frequent trade relations with the Greek colonies, embroidery art began to extend quickly, but the first plots of embroideries have been almost exclusively borrowed from the Sacred Writing. Karl the Great, who loved to put on magnificently, has given a strong push to the further development of this art. At its court yard all women, beginning it with wife Berty and daughters, were skillful embroideresses. Its sister, Gizella, has based some monasteries in Provence and in Aquitania where various amateur arts, including an embroidery, were taught.

Embroidered painting from Bayeux

Embroidered painting from Bayeux

Among all remarkable embroideries one is especially known big and skillful, though also naive work on the execution, stored in a museum in Bayeux. This 231-foot cloth executed by Matilda, William the Conqueror wife, represent all episodes of a gain of England by the Duke Of Normandy.

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About Embroidery, part 1

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The embroidery exists as much as many there are a man. Still the primitive mankind has quickly understood that stitches, with which skins incorporated together, could be used also and for an ornament.

Cro-magnon suit

Cro-magnon suit

In 1964 the hardened remains of the hunter Cro-Magnon epoch (30 000 years BC) have been found at excavation near a place of Sungir under Vladimir. Its fur clothes, footwear and a cap in the big degree has been decorated by the sewed horizontal numbers of beads from an ivory – beadwork? You have guessed!

The embroidery history, as well as the majority of other kinds of needlework of a thread as believe, begins in the east and the Near East. As we already know today, the modern embroidery has been invented by a thread in China more than 3500 years B.C. The Chinese beadwork dated of 5000 both 6000 years B.C. and found in Siberia, includes accurately drilled bowls sewed by means of decorative drawings on a fur basis.

The Bysantian embroidery

The Bysantian embroidery

Mosaics of Byzantium, 500 years till Christmas, represent embroidery on clothes by means of a silk thread, jewels and pearls. The embroidery was known in an extreme antiquity, and as for many other branches of art and a science, the East was its cradle. In Asia it is art prospered already how it became known to Greeks and Romans though Greeks and attribute the invention of embroidery to the Minerva and Athena-Pallada.

The Greek embroidery

The Greek embroidery

In Odysseus it is mentioned embroidery and it is underlined a magnificent raincoat of Ulissa which forward part has been richly decorated by gold sewing. In the same way at the Homere it is said that Parisom had been brought to Troy rich embroideries from the Shooting gallery and Sidon which was famous already in those days for the art, and in III song of an Illiada Elena’s embroidering on a snow-white fabric of a picture employment, representing fights because of it a trojan and Greeks are described.

Alexander The Great. A mosaic panel fragment

Alexander The Great. A mosaic panel fragment

More developed art of an embroidery has been borrowed by Greeks from Persians when during Alexander the Great campaigns they have got acquainted with luxury of the Asian people. The Ancient Greek historian and geographer Strabo describes surprise of Greeks at the sight of the clothes covered with gold embroideries and showered with jewels, and also the thin Indian fabrics richly decorated with multi-colored embroideries. Having won Cypriot tsar Darija, Alexander the Great has taken hold of its tent and, having been delighted with magnificent embroideries, has ordered to skillful Cypriotes a magnificent raincoat. At the time of Moiseja, embroidery art has been developed especially strongly; especially was famous for the art of Ahaliab from a family Dana. Aaron’s and his son’s clothes during divine services consisted of a fabric manufactured from a cloth, embroidered with multi-colored patterns. In the book of the Outcome we also see that the curtain hiding the Inner Sanctum, that was from a linen fabric with the crimson cherubs embroidered on it.

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