The embroidery exists as much as many there are a man. Still the primitive mankind has quickly understood that stitches, with which skins incorporated together, could be used also and for an ornament.

Cro-magnon suit

Cro-magnon suit

In 1964 the hardened remains of the hunter Cro-Magnon epoch (30 000 years BC) have been found at excavation near a place of Sungir under Vladimir. Its fur clothes, footwear and a cap in the big degree has been decorated by the sewed horizontal numbers of beads from an ivory – beadwork? You have guessed!

The embroidery history, as well as the majority of other kinds of needlework of a thread as believe, begins in the east and the Near East. As we already know today, the modern embroidery has been invented by a thread in China more than 3500 years B.C. The Chinese beadwork dated of 5000 both 6000 years B.C. and found in Siberia, includes accurately drilled bowls sewed by means of decorative drawings on a fur basis.

The Bysantian embroidery

The Bysantian embroidery

Mosaics of Byzantium, 500 years till Christmas, represent embroidery on clothes by means of a silk thread, jewels and pearls. The embroidery was known in an extreme antiquity, and as for many other branches of art and a science, the East was its cradle. In Asia it is art prospered already how it became known to Greeks and Romans though Greeks and attribute the invention of embroidery to the Minerva and Athena-Pallada.

The Greek embroidery

The Greek embroidery

In Odysseus it is mentioned embroidery and it is underlined a magnificent raincoat of Ulissa which forward part has been richly decorated by gold sewing. In the same way at the Homere it is said that Parisom had been brought to Troy rich embroideries from the Shooting gallery and Sidon which was famous already in those days for the art, and in III song of an Illiada Elena’s embroidering on a snow-white fabric of a picture employment, representing fights because of it a trojan and Greeks are described.

Alexander The Great. A mosaic panel fragment

Alexander The Great. A mosaic panel fragment

More developed art of an embroidery has been borrowed by Greeks from Persians when during Alexander the Great campaigns they have got acquainted with luxury of the Asian people. The Ancient Greek historian and geographer Strabo describes surprise of Greeks at the sight of the clothes covered with gold embroideries and showered with jewels, and also the thin Indian fabrics richly decorated with multi-colored embroideries. Having won Cypriot tsar Darija, Alexander the Great has taken hold of its tent and, having been delighted with magnificent embroideries, has ordered to skillful Cypriotes a magnificent raincoat. At the time of Moiseja, embroidery art has been developed especially strongly; especially was famous for the art of Ahaliab from a family Dana. Aaron’s and his son’s clothes during divine services consisted of a fabric manufactured from a cloth, embroidered with multi-colored patterns. In the book of the Outcome we also see that the curtain hiding the Inner Sanctum, that was from a linen fabric with the crimson cherubs embroidered on it.

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